The two main actions of oxytocin in the body are contraction of the womb (uterus) during childbirth and lactation. Oxytocin stimulates the uterine muscles to contract and also increases production of prostaglandins, which increase the contractions further.
Where is oxytocin made and what is its function?
Oxytocin is a hormone produced by the hypothalamus and secreted by the pituitary gland. This important hormone plays a crucial role in the childbirth process and also helps with male reproduction.
What is oxytocin used for?
Oxytocin injection is used to begin or improve contractions during labor. Oxytocin also is used to reduce bleeding after childbirth. It also may be used along with other medications or procedures to end a pregnancy. Oxytocin is in a class of medications called oxytocic hormones.
Is it safe to take oxytocin?
Oxytocin is relatively safe when used at recommended doses, and side effects are uncommon. These maternal events have been reported: Subarachnoid hemorrhage. Increased blood pressure.